ISRAEL, family of rabbis, scholars, and emissaries in Jerusalem and Rhodes. MOSES (d. 1740) was an emissary of the Safed and Jerusalem communities from about 1680 to 1740. In 1710–13 he visited Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco on behalf of Safed and during his travels wrote several responsa. His return trip in 1714 took him to Rhodes where he was elected rabbi. In 1727 the Jews of Constantinople asked Moses to go on a mission in their behalf, and he spent five years in Italy, Holland, and France. While in Italy, he discussed halakhic issues with Jewish scholars there, such as R. Isaac lampronti and R. raphael meldola . On completion of his mission he returned to his rabbinical post at Rhodes and spent the last years of his life preparing his responsa for publication. (Part 1 appeared in 1734, part 2 in 1735, and part 3 posthumously in 1742, all in Constantinople under the title, Masat Moshe). In 1737 or 1738 Moses moved from Rhodes to Alexandria, Egypt, where he died. His exegetical writings were printed under the title of Appei Moshe (Leghorn, 1828). His son, ABRAHAM BEN MOSES (c. 1708–1785), served as rabbi in Canea, Crete, from 1743 to 1755. In 1751 he visited Western European countries, together with R. Mordecai Rubio, on behalf of Jerusalem. In Hamburg, he met R. jonathan eybeschuetz and gave him a letter justifying his stand on the amulets issue. He was later appointed rabbi of Alexandria, where he served until 1766; from there he moved to Leghorn, where he lived for six years, after which he became rabbi of Ancona. Here, in 1775, he welcomed R. Ḥayyim joseph david azulai . He left two sons, MOSES, who took his place as rabbi of Alexandria, and ḤAYYIM RAFAEL, who published his father's works: Imrot Tehorot (Leghorn, 1786), a book on Even ha-Ezer; and Beit Avraham (ibid., 1786), on the Ḥoshen Mishpat, to which was appended Ma'amar ha-Melekh, on the principle of dina de-malkhuta dina . ELIJAH BEN MOSES (c. 1710–1784), born in Jerusalem, grew up in Rhodes, returning to Jerusalem in 1744. In 1763 he went as an emissary to Western Europe, passing through Italy, France, and Holland. During the course of his mission he wrote many responsa. He returned to Rhodes, and in 1772 was appointed rabbi in Alexandria. Elijah was succeeded there by his son, JEDIDIAH SOLOMON who published his father's works: Kol Eliyahu (2 parts, Leghorn, 1792–1807), responsa; Ara de-Yisrael (ibid. 1806), religious laws, alphabetically arranged, printed with his derashot, Shenei Eliyahu; Mahaneh Yisrael (ibid., 1807); Kisse Eliyahu (Salonika, 1811), novellae on the Shulḥan Arukh; Aderet Eliyahu (Leghorn, 1828), on the Sefer Miẓvot Gadol of R. Moses of Coucy; and Ugat Eliyahu (ibid., 1830), responsa. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Frumkin-Rivlin, 3 (1929), 29–31; S. Markus, Toledot ha-Rabbanim le-Mishpaḥat Israel-Rodos (1935); Rosanes, Togarmah, 5 (1938), 73–4; M.D. Gaon, Yehudei ha Mizraḥ be-Ereẓ Yisrael, 2 (1937), 294ff.; Yaari, in: Sinai, 25 (1949), 149–63; Yaari, Sheluḥei, index. (Avraham Yaari)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Israel — Israël Wikipédia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Israél — Israël Wikipédia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ISRAËL — À quelque point de vue qu’on se place, Israël représente un élément irréductible aux catégories habituelles. Il n’est point d’exemple de pays se constituant ou se reconstituant après deux mille ans d’interruption environ. Il n’est point d’exemple …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Israel —     Israelites     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Israelites     The word designates the descendants of the Patriarch Jacob, or Israel. It corresponds to the Hebrew appellation children of Israel , a name by which together with the simple form Israel… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ISRAEL — (Heb. יִשְׂרָאֵל). (1) The name of honor given to jacob after his mysterious struggle with the angel, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob but Israel, for thou hast striven (sarita from the root sarah, שרה) with God (El, אֵל) and with men and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Israel La'ad — (zu Deutsch: Ewiges Israel) wurde 2004 als ein gemeinnütziges Hilfswerk in Israel mit dem Ziel gegründet, für die Bedürfnisse der Unterpriviligierten in der israelischen Gesellschaft einzutreten. Dazu bietet das Hilfswerk Israel La ad Lernzentren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Israel La'ad — was founded in 2004 to address the needs of the underprivileged in Israeli society by providing afternoon homework assistance, and a Ride for Pride bike riding program for teenagers at risk, and a food delivery program for the elderly.Afternoon… …   Wikipedia

  • ISRAEL — nomen Iacob, inditum ei ab Angelo. Gen. c. 32. v. 10. Inde pop. Israelitae. Quod nomen nunc totam Hebraeorum gentum, nuncpartem tantum designat, totam ante Salomonem, partem postea, Post Salomonem enim Hebraeorum regno, quod et Israel, vel… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Israel — m Biblical: the byname (meaning ‘he who strives with God’ in Hebrew) given to Jacob after he had wrestled with an angel: ‘Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast… …   First names dictionary

  • Israel — Ou Israël. Porté notamment dans l Aisne et le Bas Rhin, c est le nom qui a été donné à Jacob après sa lutte avec l Ange. Par la suite, à la mort de Salomon, Israël désigna le territoire attribué aux tribus du nord du royaume hébreu. Signification …   Noms de famille

  • Israel — Israel1 [iz′rē əl, iz′rāəl; iz′rəl] n. [OFr < LL(Ec) < Gr Israēl < Heb yisrael, lit., contender with God < sara, to wrestle + el, God] 1. a masculine name: dim. Izzy 2. Bible Jacob: so named after wrestling with the angel: Gen. 32:28… …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”